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Understanding the Ten Commandments

Republika

The SHEPHERD | Danilo Q. Junco

The Ten Commandments God gives to Moses in Mount Sinai are encompassing and timeless that need always to be read or reread as this is the barometer of our relationship to God and to our fellow human beings.


God enumerated to Moses the Ten Commandments as stated in Exodus 20:1-17. The first phrase that God said to Moses that He is the Lord and God who delivered them from the hands of Pharaoh and declared the commandments.


The number one commandment is “You shall have no other gods before me” v3. Egypt and the surrounding nations have so many gods that they offer sacrifices and worship and in fact the true God judged all the gods of Egypt through the ten plagues.


Second commandments, “You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness or anything that it is in heaven above or that is in the earth beneath, that is in the water under the earth and you shall not bow down to them v4….” This commandment is to warn the Jewish people not to be like the Egyptians who have images and they make them as their gods and all the surrounding nations and even His creations like the sun, moon and natures they make them as their gods and bow down before them.


God has to give this instruction primarily because all the images or anything on earth and in universe cannot ultimately represent Him and the only one who can represent Him is His only Son the Lord Jesus.


Third commandments, “You shall not take the Name of the Lord your God in vain v7….” Many times people don’t know that they are taking the name of God in vain by glibly talking like “Jesus, Maria y Joseph” or God’s name has been used in magic, and in substantiating the truth through the use of oaths and in profane utterances.


Four Commandments, “Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy v8…” The Sabbath is a holy day and set aside to God. The Hebrew word means “to desist.” One who is in a covenantal position with God is to stop the everyday activities of life and honor God with rest every seventh day. God has set the pattern in creation: six days He worked and on the seventh day He rested. This has been practiced by the Jews even to now but for Gentile believers it is no longer Saturday but Sunday as this was the practiced of the early church by Jesus apostles and disciples as Jesus rose from dead on the first day of the week (John 20:1-2; Mark 16:9; Matthew 28:1; Acts 20:7).


Five Commandments, ““Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you v12….” Since the family is the key component to society, proper relationships must be maintained. For children to honor their parents means to prize highly, and to show respect to them so they may live long on earth and be blessed by God.


Sixth Commandments, ““You shall not murder v13….” Murder is an intentional, wanton taking of someone’s life. This commandment is not speaking of accidental killing, wartime killing or capital punishment, the latter two are being essential. God ordained-sanctions of government in administrating in a fallen world like heinous crimes perpetrated by wicked, evil men and women. The commandment is aimed at the sanctity of human life in the eyes of God.


Seventh Commandments, ““You shall not commit adultery v14….” Adultery covers any form of unfaithfulness. While aimed at maintaining the sexual sanctity and holiness of marriage, it also deals with the concept of proper relationship with God and others. This purity also includes our thoughts.
Eight Commandments, “You shall not steal v15….” The positive side of this commandment is making sure that all you possess is gained through proper means.


Ninth Commandments, “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor v16….” This commandment calls one to be trustworthy and truthful.


Ten Commandments, “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s v17….” Covet means desire or lust. It is not the wanting of something that is wrong, but wanting it at the expense of others or from a motive of jealousy or envy.


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