The National Epidemiology Center former head Eric Tayag recently urged the public to be on guard against diseases common during the rainy season.
From January to May this year, reported cases of dengue reached some 50,000 mostly in Central Luzon and Visayas.
The diseases dubbed WILD—waterborne, influenza, leptospirosis and dengue—all have flu-like symptoms which may make it challenging for healthcare workers to distinguish between them.
Tayag advised the public to get rid of any sources of stagnant water in the home as these are where mosquitoes nest.
High fever, rashes, bleeding of nose and/or gums and loss of appetite are some of the symptoms of mosquito-borne illnesses. Tayag added that dengue patients need rehydration which can be done at home by drinking oral rehydration solutions or oresol (1 liter water, 6 teaspoons sugar and 1 teaspoon salt).
Leptospirosis, transmitted by direct exposure to an infected animal’s urine or tissue, presents with fever 2 to 7 days after infection, headache, muscle pain, yellowing of skin and eyes, eye redness and tea-colored urine. Left untreated, it may cause meningitis, pulmonary hemorrhage and liver failure.