The SHEPHERD | Danilo Q. Junco
Daniel had a vision in the third year of King Belshazzar, the last king of Babylon, about the ram with two horns and a he-goat overpowering the ram as stated in chapter 8.
The ram was referred to Medes-Persia and the he-goat to Greece prefiguring the former to King Darius III and the latter to Alexander The Great, son of King Philip of Macedonia.
At twenty years old, Alexander started wars and at the age of twenty-six he conquered Medes-Persia killing about 600,000 of its soldiers and no one could stand or defend against him and his army.
Alexander was reigning his empire from 356–323 B.C. and when there were no more nations to conquer, it was historically documented that he cried leading to his habit of drinking liquor or became a drunkard that at the age of thirty-three he died without having a son or children of his own.
He died not in war nor in an honorable bed but as a drunken surfeit. His death was surmised that he was being poisoned and after his bodily departure he bequeathed his conquests to four of his generals.
Alexander’s leading generals tried to control different parts of the vast empire resulting in internecine conflict for some 40 years and rested after the rival successors fought known as the “Battle of Ipsus” covering the lands of Phrygia, Asia Minor or the present-day Turkey in 301 B.C.
The four main kingdoms that emerged after the battle are the following: The kingdom of Cassander (358–297 B.C.), comprising Macedonia, most of Greece, and parts of Thrace; The kingdom of Lysimachus (361–281 BC), consisted of Lydia, Ionia, Phrygia, and other parts of present-day Turkey; The kingdom of Seleucus (281 BC; later the Seleucid Empire), comprising the present-day Iran, Iraq, Syria, and parts of Central Asia; and The kingdom of Ptolemy I (283 BC), included Egypt and neighboring regions.
Then sprouted a little horn representing King Antiochus Epiphanes of Syria who was considered as the forerunner of the final Antichrist in the last days. He persecuted the Jews and desecrated God’s Temple by erecting an altar of the Greek god Zeus replacing the altar of burnt offerings and offering pigs at the altar considered as abominations by God.
God judged him and died in agony through a wasting disease and Jerusalem was recaptured by the revolt of the Jewish Maccabees’ fighters led by Judah Maccabean and cleansed the temple from all profanities and defilements.